The Bukosho is the rarest badge in Japan. All the information you will find here on this badge has to be credited to Mr. Louis Demers and Mr. Henry Sakaida. We are proud to offer here this article in this site, that is not avalaible in any other place in the Net.
The Bukosho (popular name for Bukochosho) was instituted by a Imperial edict on December 7, 1944. It was to be awarded only for extremely high deeds of bravery in combat. It could be awarded to living men. There is an important difference with the Order of the Golden Kite: the Bukosho was to be awarded by the commander in the field, while the Order of the Golden Kite required a long process (maybe two or three years) to be awarded. The Golden Kite included a reward and could be awarded too for leadership, while the Bukosho was exclusively for acts in combat. The Bukosho was an Army decoration, but at less once was awarded to Navy airmen in the attacks against US warships in the Battle of Philippine Sea.
It is unknow how many were awarded, as the list of them was burned at war’s end to prevent its fail into enemy hands. Many of Bukosho holders were airmen of the IJA who tried to stop the overwhelming raids of the B-29’s on Japan in the last year of war.
A Class is 50 height x 40 mm. width.Base metal is iron or steel, with a gold kanji character. The obverse halberd, the Japanese shield and reverse are in silver. Reverse inscription is read Rikugun Buko Chosho.
B class has the same size that A class. Base metal is iron or steel, with golden Kanji character and halberd in silver. Japanese shield and reserve are in bronze. Same inscription in reverse as A class.
There is a variation of this badge in Sakaida’s collection that has a burnished light bronze color. This rare variation, not an A or B class badge, maybe is a prototype.